Black Civil War Nurses


African American Nurses in the Civil War

Nursing was not a woman's job before the Civil War, but by 1865, there were over 3,000 nurses serving the Union and Confederacy. In the North, most women nurses worked in military hospitals.

Image: Black nurses with the 13th Massachusetts Infantry
The 13th Mass fought in numerous battles, from the Shenandoah Valley [Read More ...]

Slyder Farm


Farm on the Gettysburg Battlefield

John Slyder married Catherine Study in Carroll County, Maryland on September 25, 1838, and the couple soon moved to Gettysburg. In the 1840s the Slyders resided on South Washington Street in town, and John went into business with a local potter named Edward Menchey.

An 1847 an advertisement in the Adams Sentinel also listed Slyder's [Read More ...]

Women of Antietam


Female Soldiers and Nurses at Antietam

Fought on September 17, 1862, the Battle of Antietam was the first battle to occur on northern soil, and it is the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with a combined tally of dead, wounded and missing at 22,717. Also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, it took place near Sharpsburg, Maryland and Antietam [Read More ...]

Armory Square Hospital


Union Military Hospital in Washington, DC

Armory Square Hospital had twelve pavilions and overflow tents containing one thousand hospital beds filled with wounded from the battlefields of Virginia. The wounded were brought to the nearby wharves in southwest Washington and then taken to the Hospital. It was one of the largest Civil War hospitals in the area and one of [Read More ...]

Devil Diarists of Winchester


Union and Confederate Women Who Kept Diaries

The small town of Winchester in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia changed hands between the Confederate Army and Union Army numerous times during the Civil War. The town's strategic location included a network of seven major roads that radiated out toward other towns and cities; two of the roads were macadamized. This road [Read More ...]

Francis and Arabella Barlow


Romantic Legends of the Civil War

Arabella Griffith married Francis Barlow the day after he enlisted in the Union Army. Francis was a well-established New York lawyer, while Arabella was 10 years his senior and a member of New York high society. The following year she joined him in service to the Union Army.

In 1846 Arabella Wharton Griffith, a [Read More ...]