The Union Army seized a lavish hotel owned by Emma Green and her family and turned it into a hospital, and Emma worked as a nurse there.
After the Civil War, African American women were promised a new life of freedom with the same rights provided to other American citizens; unfortunately few of those promises came true.
Mary Cunningham Logan persevered after the Civil War to keep her husband's memory alive with bronze plaques at sites where he served and equestrian statues across the country.
At the beginning of the Civil War, thousands of women volunteered their services as nurses for the Union Army. They just showed up at military hospitals, or wherever their help was needed.
When opposing forces met at Bull Run, Virginia in July 1861, no doctors or hospitals were waiting to tend to the one thousand men who had been injured. Civilians and local officials criticized the Union Army's poor treatment of the wounded and called for a system that would ease the suffering of the soldiers.
Martha's husband John C. Pemberton had served honorably in the United States Army for twenty-four years, but when war broke out in 1861, he agonized for weeks before deciding to fight for the Confederacy and Martha's native state of Virginia.