Ellen Arthur


Wife of 21st President Chester A. Arthur

Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur was the wife of the 21st President of the United States, Chester A. Arthur, but she would not join him at the White House. Ellen died on January 12, 1880, before her husband was elected vice president November 2, 1880; and before James A. Garfield's assassination would have made [Read More ...]

Oriana Moon Andrews


First Woman Doctor in the Confederate Army

Dr. Oriana Moon Andrews was a remarkable woman who served as the first female doctor in the Confederate Army. After the Civil War, she was physician to women and children, but her family had to move so frequently she was not able to establish a consistent practice. Chronic illness and childbirth at an [Read More ...]

Civil War Women Smugglers


Women Smugglers in Hoop Skirts

Civil War women smugglers carried weapons, ammunition, medicine and food across enemy lines. Some patriotic women brought fashion into the war effort, using their skirts to conceal all sorts of supplies, and they often attached these items to the frame of their hoop skirts. One Union official called them fashionable women spies.

Image: Hoop Skirt [Read More ...]

Civil War Fredericksburg


Fredericksburg: City of Hospitals

Image: Fredericksburg during the Civil War

Prior to the Civil War, Fredericksburg, Virginia was a town of approximately 5000 residents. After the War began, it became important primarily because it was located midway between the Union and Confederate capitals: Washington and Richmond.

In early December 1862, during the initial stages of the Battle of [Read More ...]

Fanny and John Brown Gordon


One of the Greatest Civil War Love Stories

Image: General John Brown Gordon and Fanny Haralson Gordon

Married in 1854, John Brown Gordon and Fanny Harralson Gordon shared a loyal and passionate marriage for nearly 50 years. Fanny accompanied her general throughout the Civil War, and is credited with saving his life on more than once.

Marriage and Family
[Read More ...]

Women of Civil War Waterford


Union Newspaperwomen in Confederate Virginia

Image: Lida and Lizzie Dutton

During the years preceding the Civil War, Quakers in Loudoun County, Virginia lived in a heated political situation. After their state seceded from the Union, they struggled to remain pacifists in the presence of Confederate troops. But three girl journalists in the town of Waterford had no problem asserting their [Read More ...]