Susan McKinney Steward


First African American Woman Doctor in New York

Only five years after the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constition abolished slavery in the United States, Susan McKinney Steward graduated from medical school and became the first African American woman physician in New York and only the third black female doctor in the country. She practiced medicine in Brooklyn and Manhattan most [Read More ...]

Almira Fales


Civil War Nurse from Washington DC

Carte de Visite of Almira Fales
From the Civil War era

Almira Newcomb was born in Pittstown, New York, October 24, 1809. In 1829, she married merchant Alexander McNaughton. Together they had two children; Sarah (born 1830) and Alexander (born 1832). Not long after her son's birth, both her husband and young daughter [Read More ...]

Civil War Washington DC


Our Nation's Capital During the Civil War

Image: Balloon View of Washington DC
Note the unfinished dome on the Capitol Building

Washington Defenses
When the first inklings emerged early in 1861 that there might actually be a war between the North and South, the residents of Washington DC whose sympathies were with the Union began to feel a [Read More ...]

Ellen Arthur


Wife of 21st President Chester A. Arthur

Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur was the wife of the 21st President of the United States, Chester A. Arthur, but she would not join him at the White House. Ellen died on January 12, 1880, before her husband was elected vice president November 2, 1880; and before James A. Garfield's assassination would have made [Read More ...]

Oriana Moon Andrews


First Woman Doctor in the Confederate Army

Dr. Oriana Moon Andrews was a remarkable woman who served as the first female doctor in the Confederate Army. After the Civil War, she was physician to women and children, but her family had to move so frequently she was not able to establish a consistent practice. Chronic illness and childbirth at an [Read More ...]