Women's Rights After the Civil War

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Feminists and Activists for Women's Equal Rights

Image: Executive Committee of the National Woman Suffrage Association (1869)

Women fought for more than 200 years to obtain the rights that were guaranteed to men in the U.S. Constitution. When the nineteenth century began, a woman was not permitted to vote or hold office; she had few rights to her [Read More ...]

Mary Thompson House

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General Robert E. Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg

Image: Thompson House before the Battle of Gettysburg

This one and a half story stone house sits on Seminary Ridge, west of the town of Gettysburg, on the north side of the Chambersburg Pike. On July 1, 1863 General Robert E. Lee established his headquarters here. It was an ideal location, at the [Read More ...]

Lucretia Crocker

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Pioneer Educator and Innovative Administrator

As the first woman appointed to the Board of Supervisors of the Boston Public School System (1876), Lucretia Crocker pioneered the method of teaching mathematics and the natural sciences during her decade-long tenure. Earlier, she was among the first women elected to the Boston School Committee, and a strong advocate for higher education for women.

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Euphemia Goldsborough

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Confederate Nurse and Smuggler from Maryland

Euphemia Goldsborough exemplifies the Southern woman committed to the Confederacy. Against all odds and at great risk to her own personal safety, she smuggled necessities into Southern hospitals and Northern prisons. Her story is one of courage, compassion and endurance.

Image: Euphemia Goldsborough at age 38

Early Years
Euphemia Goldsborough was born June [Read More ...]

Ida McKinley

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First Lady of the United States

Ida Saxton McKinley, wife of William McKinley, 25th President of the United States, was First Lady from 1897 to 1901. She and her husband developed a unique way of coping with her epileptic seizures during her public appearances, and the love they shared during the early years of happiness endured through more than twenty [Read More ...]

Black Civil War Nurses

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African American Nurses in the Civil War

Nursing was not a woman's job before the Civil War, but by 1865, there were over 3,000 nurses serving the Union and Confederacy. In the North, most women nurses worked in military hospitals.

Image: Black nurses with the 13th Massachusetts Infantry
The 13th Mass fought in numerous battles, from the Shenandoah Valley [Read More ...]