Vinnie Ream

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One of the First Women Artists in the United States

Vinnie Ream (1847–1914) was an American sculptor whose most famous work was the statue of Abraham Lincoln in the U.S. Capitol rotunda. In 1866, at the age of 18, Ream was selected by Congress to sculpt a memorial statue of Lincoln, making her the first woman commissioned to create a [Read More ...]

Annie Etheridge

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Union Civil War Nurse from Michigan

Annie Etheridge had already been a nurse at a Michigan hospital, and the Civil War provided her the perfect opportunity to continue in that profession. She acted as what today would be called a combat medic, providing immediate medical care to wounded soldiers, often under fire during battle. In addition to nursing, she served [Read More ...]

Abby Kelley

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One of the First Feminists in the United States

Abby Kelley (1811–1887) was a Quaker abolitionist and radical social reformer active from the 1830s to 1870s. She became a fundraiser, lecturer and committee organizer for the influential American Anti-Slavery Society. Fighting for equal rights for women soon became a new priority for many ultra abolitionists and Kelley was among them, [Read More ...]

Amy Clarke

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Confederate Soldier in the Civil War

One of the most famous Confederate female soldiers, who served in both cavalry and infantry, was Amy Clarke. At the age of 30, she enlisted as a private in a cavalry regiment with her husband, Walter, so she would not be separated from him. She disguised herself as a man, using the name Richard [Read More ...]

Tillie Pierce

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Teenage Girl's View of the Battle of Gettysburg

Matilda (Tillie) Pierce was born in Gettysburg in 1848. She was 15 at the time of the battle, and had lived her entire life in Gettysburg, a village of 2400 persons. Her father made a good living as a butcher, and the family lived a comfortable life above his shop at the [Read More ...]

Lost Colony of Roanoke

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Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony

Roanoke Island is located between the Outer Banks and the mainland coast of North Carolina. It is well known as the site of the Lost Colony, where the first settlement of British colonists disappeared in 1587. It is not so well known for another colony that was established during the Civil War. The island was important [Read More ...]