Head Matron at Union Hotel Hospital

When her husband abandoned her, Hannah Ropes did not despair. She raised her two children, became an abolitionist and activist for social reform. She volunteered as a nurse during the Civil War and used her prominent social position to obtain enormous amounts of supplies for ill and wounded soldiers.

Early Years
Hannah Anderson Chandler was born June 13, 1809, in New Gloucester, Maine, the daughter and sister of prominent Maine lawyers. Hannah developed …Read More...

Conductor on the Underground Railroad

Harriet Tubman was an African American abolitionist, humanitarian and Union spy during the Civil War. After escaping from slavery, she made thirteen missions back to the land of her servitude to rescue scores of slaves, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad.

Image: Painting by Paul Collins:
Harriet Tubman's Underground Railroad

She was born Araminta Ross around 1820 the fifth of nine children born to slave parents, …Read More...

Writer, Abolitionist and Women's Rights Activist

Frances Dana Gage was a leading reformer, feminist and abolitionist. She worked closely with other leaders of the early women's rights movement. She was among the first to champion voting rights for all citizens, without regard to race or gender.

Childhood and Early Years
On October 12, 1808, Frances Dana Barker was born in Union, Ohio. Her parents were among the first settlers in the United States Northwest Territory. A farmer's daughter, Frances …Read More...

Women's Rights Activist and Author

Lydia Maria Child was a women's rights activist, abolitionist, Indian rights activist, author and journalist. Her journals, fiction and domestic manuals reached wide audiences from the 1820s through the 1850s. Her writings were inspired by a strong sense of justice and love of freedom.

Born in Medford, Massachusetts, in 1802, Lydia Maria Francis was the youngest of six children. Her father was a baker famous for his Medford Crackers. She liked to be called Maria. …Read More...

Women's Rights Activist and Journalist

Clarina Nichols (1810–1885) was a journalist and newspaper editor who was involved in all three of the major reform movements of the mid-19th century: temperance, abolition and women's rights. Because of her own experiences, Nichols was one of the first to grasp the importance of economic rights for women, of the need for wives to keep their property and wages away from their husbands' control.

Clarina Irene Howard was born January 25, 1810, in West …Read More...

Abolitionist and Fugitive Slave from Georgia

Ellen Craft was a slave from Macon, Georgia who escaped to the North in 1848. Craft, the light-skinned daughter of a mulatto slave and her white master, disguised herself as a white male planter. Her husband William Craft accompanied her, posing as her personal servant. She traveled openly by train and steamboat, arriving in Philadelphia on Christmas Day 1848. Her daring escape was widely publicized, and she became one of the most famous fugitive …Read More...