Field Hospitals at the Battle of Antietam

During the Battle of Antietam, farms owned by Joseph, Samuel, Alfred and John Poffenberger were used and abused by military personnel. The families passed down stories of hiding livestock and household valuables from the hordes of soldiers who were plundering farms and homes. A teenager at the time, Otho Poffenberger, son of John Poffenberger, fled with other members of his family to the safety of Shepherdstown, four miles away in what is now …Read More...

Civil War Nurse from Washington DC

Carte de Visite of Almira Fales
From the Civil War era

Almira Newcomb was born in Pittstown, New York, October 24, 1809. In 1829, she married merchant Alexander McNaughton. Together they had two children; Sarah (born 1830) and Alexander (born 1832). Not long after her son's birth, both her husband and young daughter died.

In 1837, Almira married an older widower, Leander Lockwood of Connecticut, who had five children from his first marriage. …Read More...

Fredericksburg: City of Hospitals

Image: Fredericksburg during the Civil War

Prior to the Civil War, Fredericksburg, Virginia was a town of approximately 5000 residents. After the War began, it became important primarily because it was located midway between the Union and Confederate capitals: Washington and Richmond.

In early December 1862, during the initial stages of the Battle of Fredericksburg, the town's civilians were in a quandary. Should they stay or should they go? Many were reluctant to leave …Read More...

Patriots Who Volunteered to Aid Union Soldiers

Image: Men and women volunteers in the backyard of the United States Sanitary Commission depot at Fredericksburg, Virginia

The U.S. Sanitary Commission opened hospitals, organized supplies and educated government officials. Women volunteers raised money, collected donations, made uniforms, worked as nurses, cooked in army camps, and served on hospital ships and at Soldiers' Homes. They organized Sanitary Fairs in numerous cities to support the Federal army and the work of the …Read More...

Civil War Nurse from New York

Image: Sophronia Bucklin
Nurse at Camp Letterman General Hospital
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Born in New York State in 1828, Sophronia Bucklin was a seamstress before the war, but put aside her needle and thread to nurse wounded Union soldiers. In her memoirs, In Hospital and Camp: A Woman's Record of Thrilling Incidents among the Wounded in the Late War (1869), Bucklin recorded her experiences. Eager to do her part for the war effort, …Read More...

Confederate Nurse and Smuggler from Maryland

Euphemia Goldsborough exemplifies the Southern woman committed to the Confederacy. Against all odds and at great risk to her own personal safety, she smuggled necessities into Southern hospitals and Northern prisons. Her story is one of courage, compassion and endurance.

Image: Euphemia Goldsborough at age 38

Early Years
Euphemia Goldsborough was born June 5, 1836 at Boston, the family farm on Dividing Creek in Talbot County, Maryland. Euphemia was one of eight children …Read More...