Kate Magill


Civil War Nurse from Texas

Although she stood only 4 feet 10 inches tall, Kate Magill - a little known Texas heroine of the Civil War - survived many of life's unexpected hardships. Of volatile temperament, Magill compensated for her lack of stature with sheer guts, determination and an acidic tongue. Around Labor Day each year as Sabine Pass, Texas [Read More ...]

Arabella Griffith Barlow


Civil War Nurse and Wife of General Francis Barlow

Arabella Griffith Barlow became a Civil War nurse after her husband, Francis Barlow, joined the army in 1861. Barlow began the war as a private in the Twelfth Regiment of the New York Militia. Arabella became attached to the Sanitary Commission in 1862, but nursed her husband back to health after [Read More ...]

Kate Cumming


Civil War Nurse from Alabama

Kate Cumming is best known for her dedicated service to sick and wounded Confederate soldiers. She spent much of the latter half of the Civil War as a nurse in field hospitals throughout Georgia. In 1866 she published A Journal of Hospital Life in the Confederate Army of Tennessee from the Battle of Shiloh to [Read More ...]

Union Nurses of the Civil War

union nurses

Women Who Served as Nurses for the Union Army

Soon after the Civil War began, the United States government established the Army Nursing Service and appointed Dorothea Dix as its Superintendent of Women Nurses. The 60-year-old Dix quickly established stringent qualifications for her volunteer nurses.

Image: Civil War Nurses Memorial
Washington, DC

Each nursing candidate had to be "past [Read More ...]

Nursing in the Civil War South


Volunteer Confederate Nurses

American nursing was still in its infancy at the outbreak of the Civil War. In the antebellum South, women usually served as nurses within their own families. On large plantations, the master's wife nursed her husband, children, and slaves. Many Southern women were already accustomed to caring for ill patients, and nursing was considered a woman's duty.

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Linda Richards


America's First Trained Nurse

Linda Richards (1841–1930) was the first professionally trained nurse in the United States. Her experiences with nursing her dying mother and her husband, who was wounded in the Civil War, inspired Richards to become a nurse. She was the first student to enroll in the first nurse training school at the New England Hospital for Women [Read More ...]