Margaret Douglass

margaretdouglass

Virginia Teacher of Free Black Children

In the first half of the nineteenth century a number of slave rebellions occurred, which frightened white citizens and underscored the need to maintain tight control over the literacy of blacks. In June 1852 Margaret Douglass, a white former slaveholder from South Carolina, began a school for free black children in her home in [Read More ...]

Hallie Quinn Brown

halliequinnbrown

Feminist, Author and Social Reformer

Hallie Quinn Brown was an abolitionist, educator, writer and women's rights activist in the Civil War era. She was born March 10, 1845 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to former slaves, Thomas and Frances Scroggins Brown. Both were well-educated and actively involved with the Underground Railroad.

In 1864, in the midst of the Civil War, Hallie moved [Read More ...]

Fannie Jackson Coppin

fanniecoppin

Teacher of African American Children

For 37 years Fannie Jackson Coppin was teacher, then principal at the Institute for Colored Youth in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, making her the first African American woman to receive the title of school principal. During her tenure, she made many improvements at the school, believing that a broader range of education would be necessary to enable [Read More ...]

Linda Richards

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America's First Trained Nurse

Linda Richards (1841–1930) was the first professionally trained nurse in the United States. Her experiences with nursing her dying mother and her husband, who was wounded in the Civil War, inspired Richards to become a nurse. She was the first student to enroll in the first nurse training school at the New England Hospital for Women [Read More ...]

Jane Howison Beale

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Civil War Diarist and Educator

Image: Widow Jane Howison Beale, Fredericksburg's most prominent woman, lived in this home at the corner of Lewis and Charles Streets, and left a vivid account of the town during the Civil War. She was among the many who fled during the shelling from Federal artillery.

Early Years
Jane Howison was born in Fredericksburg, [Read More ...]

Amy Morris Bradley

amybradley

Civil War Nurse and Educator

Amy Morris Bradley, a schoolteacher from Vassalborough, Maine, abhorred the limitations placed on women in the 19th century. She started out as a field nurse for the Union Army, then became an agent for the U.S. Sanitary Commission. She also served aboard hospital ships and ran a Soldiers' Home in Washington, DC.

When [Read More ...]