Frances Hook


Female Soldier from Illinois

Frances Hook was born in Illinois in 1847. When she was three years old, both her parents died, leaving her to be raised by her older brother. Frances and her brother were living in Chicago when the Civil War began.

Inscription below photograph:
'Fanny the soldier girl Exchanged by Genl Thomas at Chattanooga.'

She was [Read More ...]

Amy Clarke


Confederate Soldier in the Civil War

One of the most famous Confederate female soldiers, who served in both cavalry and infantry, was Amy Clarke. At the age of 30, she enlisted as a private in a cavalry regiment with her husband, Walter, so she would not be separated from him. She disguised herself as a man, using the name Richard [Read More ...]

Female Soldiers of the Civil War


Women Soldiers in the Civil War

Image: Frances Clayton / Jack Williams

On September 17, 1862 at least four women fought at the Battle of Antietam. With more than 30,000 casualties, it was the single bloodiest day of the Civil War. At this bridge, Union troops under General Ambrose Burnside took heavy casualties.

Both the Union and Confederate armies forbade [Read More ...]

Cathay Williams


Buffalo Soldier in the American West

Cathay Williams is the first African American female to enlist, and the only documented to serve in the United States Army, posing as a man under the pseudonym William Cathay. Orders were soon given to transfer the new recruits to the west, where they would join the army's fight against the Indians. [Read More ...]

Florena Budwin


Female Prisoner in the Civil War

With the Civil War raging around the country, Philadelphian Florena Budwin decided not to let her husband go off to war without her. She disguised herself as a man and enlisted alongside him in the Union Army, and maintained her disguise throughout her active service.

Unfortunately, both the Budwins were captured during fighting by [Read More ...]

Kady Brownell


Female Soldier from Rhode Island

Kady Southwell was born in 1842 in an army camp on the coast of Africa, where her French mother had traveled to watch her Scottish father on maneuvers. Accounts of her life have always been in dispute, but it is known that her mother died shortly after her birth. Good friends of the [Read More ...]