Doctor and Teacher for the Freedmen's Bureau in the South Unable to serve as an Army Surgeon because of her gender, Dr. Esther Hill Hawks educated newly freed slaves on Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. After the war, she established Florida's first interracial school, before returning to New England to practice medicine. Early Years Esther Hill was born on August 5, 1833, the fifth child Continued ..
Civil War Women in Medicine It is unclear how many women were working as physicians in the United States before the Civil War. At that time, medical students commonly studied under an established physician and did not attend a formal medical school. Image: Dr. Mary Edwards Walker in the male attire she so loved to wear Many women learned their medical skills from husbands and fathers, and Continued ..
Doctor and Educator in the Civil War Era Emily Blackwell (1826–1910), physician and educator, was the second woman to earn a medical degree at what is now Case Western Reserve University, and the third woman to earn a medical degree in the United States. Dr. Blackwell, with her sister Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell and their colleague Dr. Marie Zakrzewska, established the New York Infirmary for Women Continued ..
Women in Medicine: Second African American Female Doctor In 1867, Rebecca Cole became the second African American woman to receive an M.D. degree in the United States. Despite incredible sexism and racism, Cole persevered as a doctor, becoming a tireless advocate for medical rights for the poor, particularly for black Americans who were mostly ignored by the white medical establishment. Image: Continued ..