Rosanna Osterman


Jewish Civil War Nurse and Philanthropist

Rosanna Dyer was born February 26, 1809 in Germany. Her parents, Isabella and John M. Dyer, moved the family to Baltimore when Rosanna was very young. Her family was very active in the Baltimore Jewish community, and were part of the group that built Baltimore's first synagogue.

At age 16, Rosanna married Joseph Osterman, [Read More ...]

Clara Barton


Civil War Nurse, Educator and Humanitarian

Clara Barton - pioneer teacher, government clerk and nurse - is one of the most honored women in American history. She began teaching school at a time when most teachers were men. She was among the first women to gain employment in the federal government. Barton risked her life when she was nearly 40 [Read More ...]

Delphine Baker


Advocate for the Soldiers' Home for Civil War Veterans

For several years before the Civil War, Delphine Baker devoted herself to the advancement of women. She had no connection with the Women's Rights Movement, but advocated for better education for women. To that end, she traveled in many of the western states, giving lectures and influencing the public mind.

Delphine [Read More ...]

Margaret Haughery


Women in Business in the Civil War Era

Margaret Haughery was a business entrepreneur and philanthropist who became known as the Mother of the Orphans. She devoted her life to the care and feeding of the poor and hungry, and to funding and building orphanages throughout the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. Born into poverty and orphaned at a young [Read More ...]

Annie Wittenmyer


Philanthropist and Reformer During the Civil War

Annie Wittenmyer's husband died shortly before the Civil War began, leaving her considerable wealth, and enabling her to become one of America's foremost women reformers. After becoming secretary of her local Soldiers' Aid Society, she launched a statewide system of collecting and distributing hospital supplies. After the war, she lobbied Congress for a [Read More ...]